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Card 85: AR Surgery

Augmented reality allows physicians to superimpose virtual images such as MRI or CT scans onto patients or in the physical environment, to assist them as a guide during surgery. VR also plays a key role in surgical planning and simulation


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Martin-Perez B, Bennis H, Lacy AM. (2018) Virtual reality simulation for surgery: from video games to transanal total mesorectal excision. Tech Coloproctol. Jan;22(1):5-6.

Joda, T., Gallucci, G. O., Wismeijer, D., & Zitzmann, N. U. (2019). Augmented and virtual reality in dental medicine: A systematic review. Computers in Biology and Medicine, 108, 93-100.

Kanevsky, J., Safran, T., Zammit, D., Lin, S. J., & Gilardino, M. (2019). Making augmented and virtual reality work for the plastic surgeon. Annals of Plastic Surgery, 82(4), 363-368.

Keywords/Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)

Search PubMed:
Virtual Reality [MeSH] AND Surgery [MeSH]

Search Scopus:
“virtual reality” AND surgery

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Card 85: AR Surgery